SUBJECT : LEGAL METHOD                                                                                   CODE : 101


1          Scope of the subject

-               What is ‘Law’? Does law exist outside society?

-               Why does society need law? Is law inevitable?

-               How is law made? Is legal development natural or planned?

-               What are the uses and functions of law in society?

-               How is law related to other social institutions and processes?

-               What are legal materials?

-               Where do you find them? Use of law library.

-               How to read a ‘case’?

-               How to read a statute?

-               What is special about legal reasoning?

-               How to do research in law?

-               What is legal writing and how to develop skills of legal writing?

-               Is law a system? What is the character of legal system?

-               How does law grow with changes in society?

-               How do ‘feminists’ look at law? Is law gender-biased?

-               How does one follow legal developments in different societies?


2          Distinction and classification of :

-               Public law and private law;

-               Substantive law and adjective law;

-               Municipal law and International law.


3          Sources of law

-               Custom;

-               Precedent;

-               Legislation.


4          Basic concepts of Indian legal system

-               Rule of law;

-               Separation of powers;

-               Introduction of English common law in India;

-               Judicial system in India.


5          Legal Research and writing

-               Legal Research in law library;

-               Socio-legal Research using social science research methods;

-               Research and writing at the undergraduate level.


Structure of a Report / Thesis / Assignment / Project






SUBJECT : LAW OF CONTRACT                                                                            CODE - 103





1.         Nature of Contractual Obligation and Historical Development in England & India

-               Nature of Contractual Obligation;

-               Theories of contract;

-               Subjective theory;

-               Objective theory;

-               History of contractual obligation in English Law

i)       The Medieval Actions, such as debt, covenant, assumption, consideration etc., Codification of the law of Contract in India. Economic Justice and freedom of contract under Indian Constitution.


1.                  General Principles as to Formation of Contract

-               Agreement and contract;

-               definitions, elements and different kinds, Proposal and Acceptance;

-               their various forms, essential elements, communication and revocation;

-               proposal and invitation for proposals;

-               floating offers, tenders, Principles as to factors tending to defeat, capacity to contract, incapacity arising out of status and medical insanity;

-               minor’s position and minor’s agreement.


3.         General Principles Regarding free Consent

-               Need and definition;

-               Factors vitiating free consent;

-               Coercion, undue influence, misrepresentation, fraud and mistake.


4.         Doctrine of Consideration

-               Meaning, need, kinds, essential elements, adequacy of consideration, exceptions, Privity of contract and consideration and its effects, views of the Indian Law Commission.


5.         General Principles as to Illegality of objects of contracts

-               Unlawful considerations and objects, Void agreement, voidable agreement, Uncertain agreement, Wagering agreements, Effects of void, voidable, unlawful and illegal agreements.


6.         General Principles as to Performance and Discharge of a contract and its various modes

-               Performance, Conditions of valid tender of performance – how? By whom? Where? When? In what manner?


-               When time is the essence of contract? Breach – anticipatory breach and present breach, Period of Limitation, Impossibility of performance

                                             i.            Grounds of frustration, theory of frustration;

                                           ii.            Subsequent and supervening impossibilities;

                                          iii.            Contracts not requiring performance;

                                         iv.            Novation, Alteration;

                                           v.            Recession, their effects;

                                         vi.            Remission, waiver of performance, accord and satisfaction.


7.                  Quasi – Contracts or certain Relations Resembling those created by contract

-               Kinds and Consequences.


8.                  General Principles as to remedies for breach of contractual relations

-               Damages;

-               Kinds, ascertainment, remoteness of damages, Interest on Damages, Compensatory nature of damages, Injunction;

-               Specific Performance.


9.                  Contract of Indemnity and Guarantee

-               Meaning and essential features;

-               Distinction between Indemnity & Guarantee;

-               Rights and liabilities of indemnifier and indemnified;

-               Rights of surety and Discharge of surety;

-               Kinds of Guarantee.


10.              Bailment and Pledge

-               Meaning, classification;

-               Duties and Rights of Bailor and Bailee;

-               Law relating to Lien;

-               Termination of Bailment;

-               Difference between Pledge and Bailment;

-               Rights of Pawnor and Pawnee.


11.              Contract of Agency

-               Definition and Essentials of Agency;

-               Creation of agency;

-               Rights and duties of Agent/ Principal;

-               Personal liability of agent;

-               Termination of Agency.





SUBJECT : HISTORY – I                                                                                             CODE :105


Scope of Study


Acquaintance with the cultural heritage of the country so as to appreciate the relevance of Indian Judicial system. Main cultural movements, which influenced the legal systems and its institutions


1.         Ancient Period


-        Polity in Ancient Period;

-        State and Government in Ancient India;

-        Social Organisation in Ancient India;

-        Status and position of women in Ancient India;

-        Economic Structure in Ancient India.


2.         Medieval Period


-        Polity under Turko-Afghan rulers and Mughals;

-        State and Government in Medieval India;

-        Social Organisation in Medieval India;

-        Status and position of women in Medieval India;

-        Economic Structure in Medieval India.


3.         Modern India


-        Socio-Religious reform movements in the 19th Century and the National Awakening;

-        Indian National Movement;





SUBJECT : POLITICAL SCIENCE – I                                                                      CODE - 107


1.                                           The Concept of State and Government

-               Introduction;

-               Essential elements of State;

-               Concept of State;

-               Theories of State.


2.                                          Main Currents of Indian Political Thought

-               Classical Indian concept of state

i)              Santiparva

ii)             Kautilya

-               Political ideologies in the 13th century liberalism – Ranade and Gokhale.


3.         Hindu and Islamic Concept of State

-               Introduction – study of Hindu thought;

-               Origin of state;

-               Types of state;

-               Aims and function of state;

-               The state and the citizen.


4.         .The Totalitarian State

-               Introduction and main features;

-               Nationalism, Fascism, Socialism and Militarism;

-               The Fascist doctrine, the myth of race, idea of elite and leader;

-               Concept of morality and might;

-               Nazism – emergence and ideology.


5.         The Western Liberalism

-               Introduction and origin;

-               Meaning and definition;

-               Merits and demerits;

-               Main elements of western political thought

i)              Ancient – Plato – concept of ideal state, justice and law;

ii)             Aristotle – nature of politics, classification of states;

iii)           Medieval – Augustine & Aquinas;

iv)           Modern – liberalism; Locke, Mill – democratic socialism – Marxism & Leninism.

6.         Socialism and Marxism

-               Schools of Socialism

i)              Fabian;

ii)             Racialism;

iii)           Syndicalism;


-               Guild;

-               Arguments in favour and against of Socialism;

-               Marxism

i)              Introduction, life and works of Karl Marx;

ii)             Doctrine and dialectical materialism of Karl Marx;

iii)           Economic interpretation of history;

iv)           Theory of class struggle;

v)            Major defects in capitalism;

vi)           Establishment of communism;

vii)         Criticism of Marxism.


7.         Marxist Theory as Propagated in India

-               M.N. Roy;

-               Acharya Narendra Deva;

-               Jay Prakash Narayan;

-               Ram Manohar Lohia;

-               Jawahar Lal Nehru.


8.         Gandhism and Sarvodya

-               Introduction and sources of the Gandhian thought;

-               Religion and Politics;

-               Gandhian thought;

-               Concept of truth, non violence, and Satyagraha;

-               Property and trustee ship;

-               Sarvodya – meaning and grounds;

-               Programme of Sarvodya.








SUBJECT : ENGLISH AND LEGAL LANGUAGE                                                  CODE : 109


1.         Grammar and Usage

-               Simple Sentences (one clause), (their phrase structure)

i)              Tense and Composition,

ii)             Non Modifiers (Determiner, prepositional phrases, clauses),

iii)           Basic transformations

a)            Passives,

b)            Negatives,

c)            Questions.

-               Complex and Compound Sentences (Use of connectives);

-               Conditionals;

-               Reported Speech;

-               Question – tags and short responses;

-               Some Common Errors.


2.         Vocabulary

-               Legal Terms;

-               Use of Legal terms and idiomatic expressions.


3.         Comprehension Skills

-               Reading Comprehension (Principles and Practice);

-               Listening Comprehension.


4.         Composition Skills

-               Paragraph Writing;

-               Formal Correspondence;

-               Note- taking;

-               Translation from Hindi language into English & Vice- Versa.


5.         Vocabulary

-               Foreign words and phrases (important Latin and English affixes);

-               Certain set expressions and phrases;

-               One-word substitution;

-               Words often confused.


6.         Comprehensive Skills

-               Common Logical Fallacies;

-               Comprehension of Legal Texts.


7.         Composition Skills


-               Use of cohesive devices (Legal drafting);

-               Précis-writing, summarizing and briefing;

-               Brief-writing and drafting of reports;

-               Essay writing on topics of legal interest;

-               Varieties of sentence structure and verb patterns;

-               Translation (from English to Hindi and Vice- Versa).


8.         Punctuation


9.         Legal Maxims relating to fundamental legal principles






SUBJECT :    LEGAL REASONING AND                                                                CODE : 111



1.         Communication Skill

-               What is communication skill

-               Why is communication skill

-               Types of communication skill

-               Theories of communication skill

-               Barriers of communication skill

-               Different theories;

-               Methods of communication skill


2.         Logical method of law

-               General;

-               Reason and Logic in the common land;

-               Formal Model of Reasoning – syllogism;

-               Aristotelian Model of Reasoning;

-               Levi Model of Legal Reasoning;

-               Bodenheimer Model of Legal Reasoning;

-               Legal Reasoning and Policy choices.


2.                  Moot Court






SUBJECT : FRENCH LANGUAGE                                                                           CODE : 113


I.          GRAMMER :


-           Noun (Gender & Number)

-           Pronouns

-           Adjectives (Qualificatif, interrogatif)

-           Verbs (Present tense conjugation)

            Note : Verbs used in unit – 1 of the book : ‘Le Nouveau Saud Frontieres – I”.

-           Articles (defini, indefini, contraete) i.e. un, une, des, le la les, du, de la …. au, a la….

-           Preposition (a, de, en, chez …….. Etc.)

-           Negation (how to form negative sentence).

-           Formation of question of different types (i.e. direct method, indirect method etc.).

-           Imperative Sentence.


II.         AIM


(A)       Communication :


-           How to introduce oneself, family, friends.

-           How to talk about the country, nationality.

-           How to talk about Time, places, liking, disliking.

-           How to describe a person.


(B)       Translation :


-           From French to English (Vocabulary and grammer should be from unit 1 of the book “Le Nouveau Sans Frontieres – I”.


(C)       Listening comprehension of the dialogue and passages of the prescribed book.


(D)       Reading and writing exercises.


Bibliography :


Le Nouveau Sans Fronteres – 1” (Unit one only).




SUBJECT : ECONOMICS – I                                                                                     CODE - 102


1.         Introduction

-                                                   What is economics?

-                                                   Economic laws and government laws

-                                                   Microeconomics and macroeconomics

-                                                   Interaction between economics and law.


2.         Consumer Behaviour

-                                                   Law of demand and elasticity of demand

-                                                   Law of supply & Marshallian Scissors

-                                                   Law of diminishing marginal utility and its applicability

-                                                   Consumer Surplus.


3.         Market Structures

-                                                   Cost and revenue concepts

-                                                   Types of markets; pure, perfect & monopoly


4.         Factor pricing

-                                                   Theories of wages

-                                                   Trade unions

-                                                   Exploitation of labour & need of labour laws.


5.         National Income

-                                                   Concepts and use of national income

-                                                   Estimation of national income in India

-                                                   Difficulties in calculation.


6.         Indian Economy & Planning

-                                                   Objectives

-                                                   Features of Indian economy

-                                                   Types of planning

-                                                   Critical analysis of five year plans in India


7.         Poverty & Unemployment

-                                                   Kinds of unemployment

-                                                   Causes and costs of employment

-                                                   Solutions to generate employment

-                                                   Poverty alleviation programme


8.         Agriculture

-                                                   Need and scope of land reforms in India

-                                                   The abolition of intermediaries

-                                                   Tenancy reforms


                     LL.B. (H) FIRST YEAR                              



SUBJECT : POLITICAL SCIENCE – II                                                                    CODE - 104


1.         Classification of Government

-               Meaning, definition and types of state/government:

-               Formation of state;

-               Essentials of a good classification of government:

-               Types of Constitutions and Separation of power.


2.         Unitary and Federal Government

-               Unitary government – introduction and definition – merits and demerits;

-               Federal Government – meaning and definition – reasons for formation – prerequisites and chief features – merits and demerits – future prospects;

-               Quasi federal – features.


3.         Cabinet and Presidential Form

-               Cabinet government – introduction and chief features – distinction between nominal and real executives, cabinet and council of ministers – position of the Prime Minister – Collective responsibility – merits and demerits of the cabinet government;

-               Presidential form of government – merits and shortcomings;

-               One party democracy and military rule – strength and weakness.


4.         Legislature

-               Instruments of direct democracy;

-               Control of administration and finance;


5.         Sovereignty

-               Introduction, Definition and Theories of sovereignty;

-               Concept of legal and political sovereignty and relation between them;

-               Popular sovereignty – de jure and de facto sovereignty.


6.         Independence of Judiciary and Sovereignty

-           Judicial review in India, Britain and America vis-a vis Rule of law;

-               Functions of the Judiciary;

-               Appointment, election, nomination and removal of judges.

LL.B. (H) FIRST YEAR       



SUBJECT : HISTORY – II (Legal History)                                                                CODE - 106


1.         History of Courts

-               India at the dawn of British arrival; English east India Company: Foundation, Constitution and growth till 1726;

-               Administration of justice in Presidency Towns (1600-1726) and the development of courts and judicial institutions under the East India Company;

-               Establishment of Crown Courts in India; The Mayor’s Courts and courts of requests in Presidency Towns;

-               The beginning of the Adalat System: Warren Hastings plan of 1772, Reforms under the plan of 1774 and reorganization in 1780;

-               The Regulating Act of 1773: Salient features. Supreme Court at Calcutta, its composition, powers, functions and working. Some landmark cases –

i)              Trial of Raja Nand Kumar (1775);

ii)             Case of Kamaluddin (1775);

iii)           The Patna Case (1779-1779);

iv)           The Cossijurah case (1779-80).

-               Act of Settlement 1781;

-               Supreme Courts at Madras and Bombay;

-               The Role of Cornwallis in Judicial Reforms: Judicial Plans of 1787, 1790 and 1793;

-               Progress of Adalat system under Sir John Shore, Lord Welleseley and Lord Amherst (1798-1827);

-               Judicial Reforms of Lord William Bentick;

-               Indian High Courts Act 1861, 1865, and 1911. The Government of India Act 1915 and 1935;

-               The Privy council , the Federal Court;

-               Modern judicial System.


  1. Development of Law

-               Racial discrimination in administration of civil & criminal justice & introduction of English Law in Presidencies & Mofussils;

-               Development of Criminal Law;

-               Development of Civil Law;

-               Development of Personal Laws during the British periods;


  1. Legal Profession

-               Codification of Indian Laws and the Law Commissions : The Charter Act of 1833, The First Law Commission, The Charter Act of 1853, The Second Law Commission; The Third Law Commission, The Fourth Law Commission;

-               Growth of legal profession in India: Early developments, The Legal Practitioners Act 1853, The High Court Act of 1861, the Legal Practitioners Act 1879 – Report of the Indian Bar Committee 1923, The Indian Bar Council act 1926, and The Advocates Act 1961;

-               Development of Legal Education;

-               History of Law Reporting in India..

  1. Legal Education

LL.B. (H) FIRST YEAR                   


Sub : BUSINESS LAWS AND NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS ACT                        Code - 108


1.         The Specific Relief Act

-               Nature of Specific Relief and Recovering possession of property;

-               Specific performance of Contracts and Injunction;

-               Rectification, Rescission, Cancellation and Declaration.


2.         The Indian Partnership Act, 1932

-               Definition, Nature, Registration;

-               Relation of partner to one another and to third parties;

-               Incoming and outgoing partner and Dissolution of firm;

-               Minor’s position under the Act.


3.         The Sales of Goods Act, 1930

-               Sale and agreement to sell;

-               Transfer of title;

-               Nature and formation – caveat emptor – exceptions;

-               Conditions and warranty;

-               Effects and performance of contract;

-               Duties, Rights and Remedies of Buyer / Seller;

-               Right to lien of an unpaid seller.


4.         The Negotiable instruments Act 1881

-               Meaning and characteristics;

-               Types of Negotiable Instruments – promissory note, bill of exchange, cheques;

-               Parties of Negotiable instruments;

-               Dishonour and Discharge of parties from liability;

-               Essential features of negotiable instruments, dishonour of cheques (section 138);

-               Discharge of parties from liability – material alteration.

LL.B. (H) FIRST YEAR                               



Subject : TORTS AND CONSUMER PROTECTION LAWS                                       Code - 110


1.         Introduction

-               Definition of Tort – Development of Tort actions in England and India – Examples of common Tort – Tort distinguished from contract, quasi-contract and crime;

-               Constituents of Tort – Wrongful act, damage and remedy – Elements of Tort – Judicial Process in tort – Dilatoriness – Complicated rules of procedure and evidence – Court fess and problems of access.


2.         Principles of Liability in Tort

-               Elements of tort – Mental elements – Malice, intention, negligence, motive, malfeasance, misfeasance and non-feasance as conditions of liability – Fault as the basis of liability – Damnum sine injuria and injuria sine damnum – New and emergent torts;

-               Strict liability and absolute liability – Rule in Rylands v. Fletcher and M.C. Mehta v. Union of India;

-               Statutory liability – Breach of duty imposed by statutes;

-               Vicarious liability - Scope and justification – Master and servant – Principal and Agent;

-               Doctrine of Sovereign Immunity – Liability of the State – Sovereign and Non-sovereign functions.


3.         Justification in Tort

-               Volenti non-fit injuria, sine die non-fir injuria – Necessity, Private and Public – Plaintiffs’ default – Act of God and Inevitable Accident – Private defenses – Statutory Authority – Judicial and Quasi-judicial acts – Parental and Quasi-parental authority.


4.         Extinguishment of Liability

-               Death, waiver and acquiescence – Release, accord and satisfaction – Limitation.


5.         Classification of Torts


A         Trespass to person

-               Assault, battery and mayhem – false imprisonment – nervous shock – defenses;

-               Defamation – libel, slander – defenses – justification by truth, fair and bonafide comment – privilege – consent – apology;

-               Malicious Proceedings – Malicious proceedings – malicious prosecution, civil proceedings and legal process;

-               Wrongs relating to domestic rights – Marital relations – domestic relations – parental relations;


B         Trespass to property

-               Trespass to land – Trespass ab initio – Dispossession;

-               Trespass to goods – Convertion – Detention;

-               Torts against business interests – Deceit – injurious falsehood – misstatement – passing off;

-               Economic torts – causing loss by unlawful means – Inducement of breach of contract – conspiracy – Intimidation.


6.         Negligence

-               Theories of Negligence – Ingredients – duty to take care, breach of duty, damage – doctrine of contributory negligence – Res ipsa loquitur;

-               Professional liability due to negligence – liability of manufacturers and business houses.


7.         Nuisance

-               Public nuisance and private nuisance – Highways – Injury to property and physical discomfort – pollution of air, water, noise – Interference with light and air.


8.         Legal Remedies

-               Award of damages – simple, special, punitive – Remoteness of damages – foreseeability and directness tests – Injunction – Specific restitution of property – Extra-legal remedies – self help, re-enter on land, reception of goods, distress damage feasant, abetement of nuisance.


9.         The Consumer Protection Law

-               The Consumer Protection Act, 1986.

LL.B. (H) FIRST YEAR                               



Subject : LEGAL REASONING AND COMMUNICATION SKILL                           Code - 112



A.        Client interviewing and counseling


            Course Contents


1.                                                                                                                                          Meaning of Client interviewing

2.                                                                                                                                          Different components of interviewing :-

(a)          Formation of reports

(b)         Listening

(c)          Types of question asked during an interview

(d)         Gathering of information

(e)          Regarding client’s problem


3.   What is counseling? How legal counseling is different from other types of counseling ?

4.   Different Stages of counseling.

5.   Teaching of client interviewing and counseling in simulated situation.


B.        Moot Court (Practical)


C.        Personality


(a)                Meaning and definition

(b)               Determinants of personality – Heredity and Environment.

(c)                Theories of personality – an overview

-               Trait Theory

-               Type Theory

-               Psycho Analytic


(d)               Learning theory of personality


-               Fundamental of Learning

-               Characteristics of Learning




Subject : FRENCH                                                                                     Code - 114


I.                   GRAMMAR:

·        Articles partitifs

·        Adjectifs Démonstratifs

·        Adjectifs possessifs

·        Prépositions et adverbes de quantitiés

·        Prépositions et adverbes de lieu

·        Pronoms toniques(moi, toi …… etc)

·        Phrases Impératifs(verbs of unit-II of the book “Le Nouveau Sans Frontières-1” only).

·        Verbes pronominaux(verbs of unit-II of the book “Le Nouveau Sans Frontières-1” only).

·        Conjugaisons des verbes au présent (verbs of unit-II of the book “Le Nouveau Sans Frontières-1” only).


II.                 VOCABULARY:

Vocabulary of :

house and accommodation.





►ordinal number


      III.      AIM:


    Comment faut-il décrire sa maison.

    Comment faut-il inviter quelqu’un au dinner, au déjeuner chez vous.

    Comment faut-il choisir les repas dans un restaurant       Comment faut-il les


                      Comment faut-il apprécier les repas.

                      Comment faut-il parler la vie de la journée.

                      Communication entre le client/la cliente dans un magasin de vêtements.

                      Comment faut-il parler ou donner la recette des repas.

                  B.  TRANSLATION:

          From French to English (Vocabulary and grammaer should be from Unit I and Unit II of the book Le Nouveau Sans Frontières - 1”

    C.  Listening comprehension of the dialogue and passages of the prescribed


    D.  Reading and writing exercises.


 “Le Nouveau Sans Frontières- 1” (Unit two only)




Subject : SOCIOLOGY                                                                                                         Code : 201


1.   Introduction

-               Basic Concept;

-               Methodology;

-               Themes and Perspectives;

-               Definition;

-               Nature and Scope of Sociology;

-               Subject matter of sociology;

-               Sociology and related disciplines.


2.   Social Stratification

-               Theories of Stratification;

-               Functionalism;

-               Marx’s view;

-               Weber’s view.


3.   Deviance

-               Social order and Control;

-               Theories of Social deviance.


4.   Law And Society

-               Sociology of Law;

-               Significance of study of Sociology for Law students;

-               Sociology and Sociological Jurisprudence.


5.   Indian Society

-               Development of Indian Society;

-               Family, Marriage and Kinship;

-               Divorce;

-               Unity and Diversity;

-               Religion;

-               Education;

-               Caste and Class

(i)            Reservation

(ii)          Creamy layer

-               Secularism;

-               Women

i)              Status of women in India;

ii)             Dowry and Law;

iii)           Women reservation bill;

iv)           Other constitutional provisions.


10.  Social Change

-               Sanskritization, Westernization;

-                Little tradition, Great tradition.





Subject : FAMILY LAW – I                                                                                            Code : 203


1.         Concept, Origin and Development of Family Law

-               Origin and development of Hindu Law;

-               Application of Hindu Law: Who is a Hindu? Hindus by religion; convert and reconverts to Hinduism; Hindu by birth; Scheduled Tribes;

-               Concept, Origin & development of Muslim Law origin and development; Who is a Muslim? Muslim legal system compared with other systems;

-               Origin and development of Christian & Parsi Laws.


2.         Sources of Hindu and Muslim Laws


3.         School of Hindu & Muslim laws


4.         Marriage Laws

-               Evolution, concept: Marriage as a sacrament, marriage as a contract, marriage under the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 and the Special Marriage Act, 1954;

-               Nikah – Definition, objects and nature; essentials; kinds and presumption of marriage; and restitution of conjugal rights.


5.         Judicial Separation and Divorce

Theories – Grounds; desertion, cruelty, adultery, insanity, leprosy, venereal disease – conversion, renunciation of world – presumption of death – wife’s special grounds for divorce – bars to matrimonial relief, Talaq – different modes – Talaq-ul-sunnat, Talaq-ul-Biddat. Triple Divorce, Ila, Zihar, talaq-ul-Tafweez – Khulla, Mubarat, Lian, Judicial divorce (The Dissolution of Muslim Marriage Act, 1939).


6.         Guardianship

Guardianship under the Hindu and Muslim laws (Hizanat) – meaning and kinds guardianship by affinity, de-facto guardian, liabilities, rights and removal.


7.         Alimony and Maintenance

Maintenance of dependants – maintenance of members of joint family – Quantum, arrears – as a charge – alteration – Kharch-I-Pandan, liability – duration – maintenance of neglected and divorced wives under the Code of Criminal Procedure 1973, Maintenance of divorced Muslim women under the Muslim Personal Laws.

8.         Adoption                    

-               Who may take in adoption;

-               Who may give in adoption;

-               Who may be taken in adoption – ceremonies – effect and relationship of the adopted child.

9.         Dower

Origin, Definition, Nature, Object, Classification, Rights and Remedies of wife for non payment of dower.


10.       Parentage, Legitimacy and Acknowledgement

            Parentage – Maternity and Paternity legitimacy, acknowledgment.







Subject : CONSTITUTION LAW – I                                                                             Code : 205


1.                              Introduction


-               Constitution – Definition and Classification;

-               Conventions;

-               Rule of Law;

-               Separation of Powers.


2.         Center State Relation


-               Legislative – Distribution of Legislative Power;

-               Executive – Administrative – Resolution of conflict;

-               Financial – Distribution of Taxing Power and distribution of revenues.


3.         Parliament


-               Nature of Parliamentary sovereignty;

-               Parliament privileges, Anti- defection Law.


3.                                                      Executive


-               Concept of Executive Power;

-               Parliamentary form of Government – Relationship between Cabinet and President;

-               Ordinance making Power;

-               Emergency Powers.


4.                                                      Judiciary


-               Place of Judicial Review in Constitutional Law;

-               Judiciary : Independence;

-               Judiciary : Jurisdiction;

-               Judicial Review;

-               Public Interest Litigation;

-               Problem of Governance and Courts – Problem of Political Question.


5.                                                      Amendment of Constitution


-               Procedure;

-               Doctrine of Basic Structure.







Subject : ECONOMICS – II                                                                                            Code :207


Section A : Money, Banking and International Trade


1.         Money & Inflation

¨      Meaning, Function and value of money

¨      Causes and effects of inflation


2.         Banking and Credit

¨      Functions of commercial banks

¨      Functions of the Central Bank

¨      Credit instruments, credit creation and control


3.         Macroeconomic Policies

¨      Monetary policy and its objectives

¨      Fiscal policy and its objectives

¨      Monetary Policy – Fiscal policy linkages


4.         Public Finance

¨      Meaning and Classification of taxes

¨      Characteristics of a good tax system

¨      Tax evasion and tax avoidance

¨      Approaches to tax equity

¨      Incidence of indirect taxes


5.         Financial Markets

¨      Money market

¨      Capital market


6.         Foreign Trade and Exchange Rates

¨      Free trade vs. protection

¨      Fixed vs. flexible exchange rate

¨      Balance of trade and Balance of payments

¨      Methods to correct disequilibrium in the balance of payments


7.         International Financial and Trade Institutions

¨      International monetary fund

¨      International bank for reconstruction & development (World Bank)

¨      World Trade Organisation


SECTION B : Legal Economics


8.         Legal Economics

¨      Relationship between Law and Economics

¨      Economics analysis of tort law

¨      Economic analysis of contract law

¨      Economic analysis of criminal law


9.              Constitution of India and Economic Development


10.      Economic Legislations : An overview


11.      Economic Reforms in India

Liberalisation, privatization and globalisation of the Indian economy since 1991.





Subject : LAW OF CRIME – I                                                                                       Code : 209


1.         Introduction

-               Concept of crime;

-               Stages of crime, Intention preparatory attempt and completion;

-               Distinction between Crime and other wrongs;

-               State’s responsibility to detect, control and punish crimes.


2.         Essential elements of Crimes

-               Mens Rea

i)                    intention /Guilty mind

ii)                  distinction between motive and intention

-               Actus Reus– physical Act / conduct - consequence and custom in pursuance of mens rea


3.         Inchoate Crimes

-               Exceptions to the principle of concurrence of mens  rea and actus  reus or / and to the four stages of crime

i)                    Mens rea alone - when punishable crime (Ist stage of crime)

a)      Criminal conspiracy (section 120 B)

b)            Abetment  (sections 107-109)

ii)                   When in absence of Mens rea, Actus reus is punishable

a)      Strict criminal liability with special reference to socio-economic offences

iii)                 Where preparation to commit offences punishable (second stage of crime)

a)            To wage war against government of India

b)            To commit dacoity

c)            To Counterfeit currency notes or bank notes

iv)                 When attempt to commit is punishable – (third stage of crime)

a)      Attempt to commit crime (Sec. 511 IPC section 307 IPC)


4.         Group Liability

-               Common Intention (section 34 IPC)

-               Common object (section 149 IPC)


5.         General Exceptions

-               Mistake (sections 76, 79 IPC)

-               Unsoundness of mind / insanity (section 84)

-               Intoxication / Drunkenness (sections 85, 86 IPC)

-               Private defence (sections 96-106 IPC)

-               Necessity (section 81 IPC)








Subject : LEGAL REASONING AND COMMUNICATION SKILLS                       Code :211




1.         What is ADR (Alternative Dispute Resolution)


2.         Why ADR ?


3.         Different modes of ADR


·        Negotiation

·        Arbitration

·        Mediation

·        Conciliation


4.         Techniques of ADR


·        Negotiation – Techniques

·        Mediation – Techniques


5.         Moot Court


6.         Attitude


·        Meaning & Definition

·        Types of Attitude

·        Formation of Attitude

·        Negative Attitude and objection

·        Building positive attitude

·        Situational analysis of attitude

·        Perception

·        Biases, Prejudices and Blind spots







Subject : FRENCH                                                                                                          Code : 213


I.                   GRAMMAIRE:

¨     Revision of grammar of Unit-I & Unit-II of Nouveau Sans Frontières-1

¨     Le pronom complement à l’Impératif.

¨     Negation: personne ne…, rien ne ……, ne …….plus,  ne …….. jamais

¨     L’expression de l’habitude:toujours, souvent,d’habitude, tout le temps,

Tous les jours etc.( Unit-3 of N.S.F.-1)

¨     L’expression de temps et de durée: avant, après, hier, après demain, jusqu’à

Pendant, deouis, longtemps(unit-3 of N.S.F.-1)

¨     L’expression de la cause et de but: pourquoi, parce que, pour(Unit-3 of N.S.F.-1)

¨     Le pronom complement direct et indirect.

¨     Discours direct et indirect(direct and indirect narration)(Unit-3 of N.S.F.-1)

Note:Reporting verb should always be in present form.

¨     Tenses: present, future proche, passé compose, Imparfait

Note: The verbs given in Unit-1,2 &3 of N.S.F.-1 should be taught.


II.                AIM:

A.  Communication:

¨     Comment faut-il téléphoner

¨     Comment faut-il décrire une personne

¨     Comment faut-ilavoir des renseignements

¨     Comment faut-il ranconter les problèmes

¨     Comment faut-il parler d’une enterprise, d’une famille

¨     Comment faut-il donner et demander un avis.

¨     Comment faut-il ranconter la journée d’hier, les évenements passes

¨     Comment faut-il parler des moyens de transports, de la santé et de la maladie.

¨     Comment faut-il écrire une lettre amicale/officielle.


III.             Translation:

¨     From French to English and vice-versa

(Vocabulary should be from the Unit-3 of N.S.F.-1)


IV.              Comprehension and listening the dialogues of Unit-3 of N.S.F.-1)

V.                 Reading and writing exercises

La bibliographie: Le Nouveau Sans Frantières –1, (Unit- 3 only)